Established by abah S.Andadinata (deceased)
Abah Andadinata created jurus (forms) for body movements far before Indonesian independence was declared in 1945. Abah (father) Andadinata, in the 1930’s started training people in this challenging discipline. At this time training wasn’t conducted publicly but in private groups. In 1948 this style of physical conditioning was officially registered with the Ministry of Education & Culture as “Persatuan Pencak Silat Margaluyu Pusat,” headquartered in the village of Cikuya near Bandung in West Java.
Even though S.Andadinata had begun training since 1922, the name Margaluyu was introduced in the 1930’s. In the beginning, it was called Marga Rahayu which means “The Path of Safety” (Jalan keselamatan) and later the name was changed to Margaluyu, which means “Path of Harmony” (jalan keserasian). The goal is harmony between the energy inside of us with almighty God so that we may sense his greatness in our hearts.
The late abah (father) Andadinata was born at Rancabayawak a small village in Majalaya district 30 KM southeast Bandung city. He was known as Menak (nobility); a descendant from the Sumedang of West Jawa. From very young age he travelled around west Java to study Islam and the traditional martial art Pencak Silat.
He was committed to not only the physical practice of Indonesian martial arts, but the mental and spiritual knowledge as well.
While making a living traveling around, Andadinita learned various styles of Pencak Silat in different areas. The original style of Andadinata was a family style called Silat Peksi Muih. Other sources of his martial arts knowledge include Madi, Kari and Sabandar styles.
Educational Curriculum of Margaluyu Pusat Silat_Margaluyu Pusat training is divided into 3 phases:
0. Traditional Pencak Silat for all range of ages
0. Margaluyu Pusat Breathing technique for age above 17 years old
0. Margaluyu esoteric knowledge known as tharekat.
Margaluyu code of conduct
1. Do not engage in sexual misconduct.
2. Do not avoid one’s duties
3. Keep your word.
4. Forgive the mistakes of others.
5. Control your desires
6. Never give up hope in the face of disaster
7. Do not break the laws of your country
8. Do not be arrogant.
9. Do not regard others as inferior to yourself
10. Do not insult or your teachers, government, parents, and humanity.
Dedication to prayer is one requirement for Pencak Silat and anyone can learn it. There is no age-limit or restriction regarding practice time. The only differences are the material shared with the different age groups in the 3 phases above.
There is an aspect of Pencak Silat that channels internal energy (tenaga dalam) and the Sundanese people of West Java have been practicing this for a long time. There are five beginning jurus (forms) and later they are elaborated to make ten jurus. The jurus that deal with internal energy have various applications including attacking opponents, healing, restoring or improving vision, and others.
Learning this inner power requires a student to be virtuous, pious, and patient so that the energy is handled with care and consideration. Success in developing this inner power relied on:
0. A close relationship with God
0. A concentrated yet relaxed effort.
0. The student’s commitment to practice routinely.
0. Respect and revere this knowledge.
The internal energy of Margaluyu is derived from Traditional Pencak Silat and has the following characteristics:
0. Simple movements with apparently straightforward design.
0. Movements done according to the requirements of the various applications.
Training in the Internal Energy with Margaluyu
Internal energy is really possessed by every human being and is given by God as a gift which is very precious.The Sundanese have studied and absorbed this energy over a long time. Even early Sundanese kings were aware of this knowledge and that it had to be deciphered and understood in their lifetimes. S.Andadinata is one individual who was blessed with the strength of God so that he could spread the knowledge about this internal energy along with the Pencak Silat.
Margaluyu was established by four individuals; S.Andadinata and his three students Andi Rohendi, Uwen, and Andi Suhandi. The student most often accompanying S.Andadinata when teaching or competing was Andi Rohendi.
When Margaluyu was established, of all the students, most of them were vendors or farmers. Each session lasted one to one and half hours but could last as long as three hours in order to reach a certain goal.
The Gerak Badan Margaluyu training system has never been trained in a public or open manner. The advantages of this personalized training is:
0. A better rate of success compared to mass group exercise.
0. It is easier for trainers to control the students’ progress.
0. Students are free to progress at an individual rate.
0. Training requires a trainer with high rank.
0. Training requires a training area with sufficient free space.
0. Small group training builds a close relationship between student and teacher.
0. Small group training can be more comfortable and casual.
0. Small group training allows more accountability.
0. This type of training is traditionally done in small groups.
0. There are no elements of commercialism or consumerism in the Margaluyu energy training. In the time of the founder S.Andadinata, lessons were always given without any monetary compensation.
Margaluyu energy training is done in the horse stance. This stance is very important and must be done correctly because it ensures balance and accurate movements.
The student must do the footwork with the soles of their feet on the ground. The soles of the feet are not lifted like in walking. After becoming competent in the footwork and horse stance, then the arm and hand movements are taught.
The footwork is taught first because almost all of the movements are done in a united manner, even though the direction may differ. Typically, the student learns jurus one until ten and then undergoes an evaluation to determine their skill, sensitivity, confidence, and strength. After this assessment, the student’s rank can be elevated. This is accompanied with a transfer of energy from authorized trainers.
Steps of practise:
Lock : Jurus Kunci
Brake : Jurus Banting
Push : Jurus Dorong
Open : Buka
Hold – Short : Menarik Jarak Dekat
Hit / Brake ( 1 hand ) : Membating Tangan Satu
Hold – Long : Menarik Jakar Jauh